Four Options For Long Term Birth Control

If you do not plan on having children any time soon, long term birth control is a smart option for contraception. Once the birth control is in place, you are protected against unplanned pregnancy. The following methods are all reliable, reversible alternatives for long term birth control.

1. Non-Hormonal IUD

An intrauterine device (IUD) is a t-shaped device that fits inside of the uterus. IUDs are available with and without hormones. The non-hormonal IUD is called the ParaGard IUD. This is a copper IUD that lasts for up to 12 years. The copper in the IUD acts as a spermicide and keeps sperm from fertilizing the egg.

Many women who need reliable, non-hormonal contraception due to personal preferences or medical reasons opt for the ParaGard IUD. Some women do experience heavier menstrual cycles and increased cramping when they have this method of birth control.

2. Hormonal IUD

Hormonal IUDs consistently release small doses of hormones. There are two types of hormonal IUDs: the Mirena IUD and the Skyla IUD. Both contain a drug called levonorgestral that prevents pregnancy. The Sklya IUD contains a lower dose of levonorgestral ; as a result, it lasts for three years. A higher dose found in Mirena enables this IUD to last for five years.

Many women experience a decrease in their menstrual bleeding with these hormonal IUDs. However, this decrease does not occur until you have had the IUD for approximately six months. Prior to the decrease, many women experience frequent spotting between their periods.

3. Birth Control Implant

The birth control implant is a small rod that your doctor inserts into your arm. It contains a hormone known as progestin. When the progestin is released into your body, it creates uterine conditions that are not conducive to egg fertilization. 

Some women experience irregular periods with the birth control implant, especially for the first year. The birth control implant lasts for three years.

4. Birth Control Shot

Compared to the other birth control options, the birth control shot may feel short term. However, it is still long term when compared to daily use methods, such as the pill. You must get the birth control shot every 3 months. Like the birth control implant, it contains progestin. In order for the shot to be effective, it is essential that you get it on time.

The birth control shot can cause thinning of the bones. If you are at risk for osteoporosis, it may be advisable to consider another method of birth control.

Take control of your fertility by selecting a contraceptive that fits your needs. If plans for kids aren't in your immediate plans, long term birth control helps you stick to these plans until you are ready to expand your family. For more information, contact companies like Abortion Care.