What Are The Different Types Of Prosthetic Limbs?

The loss of a limb is a very traumatic experience to go through. Fortunately, with the development of prosthetic limbs, many people have been able to regain functionality that is similar to that of using their natural limbs. The type of prosthetic limb that works best for a person depends on the location of the lost limb. These are the different types of prosthetic limbs that are available today.

Transradial Prosthetics

Transradial prosthetics are used to replace a missing arm. A transradial prosthetic arm replaces the missing part of the arm that is below the elbow. Transradial prosthetic arms can be cable-operated that are attached to a harness and cable that wraps around to the shoulder on the opposite side of the body. The movement of the opposite arm is used to control the prosthetic arm.

Transradial prosthetics can also be myoelectric arms that control movement by using electrode sensors. The electrodes sense when the muscles in the upper arm move which causes the hand of the prosthetic arm to open and close. 

Transhumeral Prosthetics 

Transhumeral prosthetics are also used to replace a missing arm. However, this type of prosthetic replaces the area of the arm that is above the elbow. Transhumeral prosthetic arms are attached by a harness and cable system that is secured tightly to the opposite shoulder.

Several different cables are often used help assist in movement of the prosthetic arm. When attached correctly, the prosthetic arm can flex, rotate and lock at the elbow.

Transtibial Prosthetics 

Transtibial prosthetics are used for replacing a missing leg below the knee. These types of prosthetics are held in place by attaching to the knee and thigh with a harness and cable. Since the knee is still in place, many people have great success in regaining normal movement of the leg with this type of prosthetic. This type of prosthetic leg may also be a solid, non-moving piece that is only used to help the person regain the ability to walk.

Transfemoral Prosthetics 

Transfemoral prosthetics are worn to replace the missing leg above the knee. However, regaining full use of the leg is often difficult with this type of prosthetic due to the non-existence of a natural knee. However, in recent years more advanced technology has greatly improved the success amputees have with transfemoral prosthetics. This includes using things such as hydraulics, microcomputer processors and carbon fibers to enhance movement.

Other types of prosthetics are often used simply for cosmetic reasons. These include artificial eyes and ears and silicone hands, feet fingers and toes. These prosthetics may not function normally, but they do make having a missing part of the body less noticeable. To learn more, contact a company like Cotton Orthotic and Prosthetic